Escondido Fire Department Jr. Firefighter Safety School
Learn Not To Burn®
1st-2nd grade-Lesson Plans & Activities
Lesson 1-Level 1: Smoke Alarms Are Important
Smoke alarms save lives. Every home needs smoke alarms. They should be installed on every level of the home, outside each sleeping area, and inside each bedroom. A smoke alarm senses smoke. It will sound if there is smoke in the home – possibly from a fire. When the smoke alarm sounds, everyone should leave the home right away.
Lesson 2-1: Get Outside, Stay Outside
Smoke and fire spread very quickly, so it’s important that everyone knows exactly how to get outside to safety calmly and quickly. Every family must have a home fire escape plan. A home fire escape plan is a plan to get out of the home quickly in case there is a fire. Every room in the home needs two ways out. One way out would be the door and the second way out may be a window.
Lesson 3-1: Fire Drills at School
School is a very fire safe place to be. Schools conduct fire drills several times a year to be sure everyone in the building knows how to get outside quickly and quietly. A school fire drill may be scheduled and announced in advance so that children can dress appropriately. The element of surprise is not important to practicing the school fire drill. School fire drills must be taken seriously. Everyone in the building must participate. It is important to have two ways out of the school. The State Fire Marshall may require that your fire drill be observed annually by fire department personnel. Be sure to contact your local fire station’s Captain or the Adopt-a-School coordinator to get us involved in your school’s fire drill plan. Adopt-a School Program- 760-839-5420.
Lesson 4-1: Stay Away From Hot Things
There are many things inside and outside the home that are hot or can get hot. Things that get hot can cause serious burns. Students need to be able to identify things that can be hot or could get hot. Students should learn to stay away from anything that can get hot. Burn injuries can be thermal, electrical, or chemical. Burn injuries hurt and take a long time to heal.
Lesson 5-1: Reporting an Emergency
The fire department is a community helper. The firefighters will help if there is a fire or a medical emergency. Calling the fire department when there is no emergency can hurt someone else who might need help from the firefighters. When a person calls the emergency number, he/she should stay on the telephone until the fire department says to hang up. Tell the fire department the type of emergency you are reporting, your name, your address, and the telephone number from where you are calling. If the emergency is a fire, you should leave the home and call the fire department from a telephone outside the home, using a cell phone or neighbor’s telephone.
Lesson 6-1: Stop Drop & Roll
“Stop, drop, and roll” is used when clothing catches fire. Teach students to stay away from fire. Children often get confused about when to stop, drop, and roll. Stress the importance of knowing when to do this behavior. Only do it when clothing catches fire. Children who do not have a good understanding of stop, drop, and roll will sometimes do this if they burn a finger or need to get outside if the smoke alarm sounds. Using stop, drop, and roll under the wrong circumstances could be very dangerous.
Awards and Certificates
These certificates can be an excellent way to reward and reinforce the lessons learned from this program. If you are part of a group or class, and complete these certificates prior to a tour or classroom visit and our firefighters would be glad to present your students with their certificates.